Ideas For Arguing A Position Essay

  • Alexa Rain 3 months agofrom egypt

    A lot of inspired topics and issues,

    you always help in finding ways by arrange your reader thinking and informative things.

    i am big fan of you.

    Great Hub!

  • Virginia Kearney 4 months agofrom United States

    Hi Christina--My articles on how to write can help you! Find them by looking to the side or on my profile page. Or just use Google and type what you need with my name.

  • Christinaaa 4 months ago

    I'm trying to write an argument research paper on social media and mental illness or social media and relationships but I'm having trouble narrowing my topic and creating the key points for my paper.

  • Virginia Kearney 5 months agofrom United States

    Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and an interesting personal connection. I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion. Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and ask the question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Finish with telling the end of your story. See my articles on "How to write an argument paper" and "How to write a position paper" for full instructions.

  • rosie 5 months ago

    Wondering how to write a position essay. Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to go about writing this essay

  • Virginia Kearney 6 months agofrom United States

    Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to write different kinds of position or argument papers. I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the process.

  • Khen 6 months ago

    Can you please help me in my position paper?

  • Virginia Kearney 7 months agofrom United States

    Roami, You have an interesting idea. I think one way for you to get some good information to start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in the instruction first. Next, you might want to interview some people to find out their positions and to get some quotes on this topic. Finally, you might want to get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or "home language" of a student helps them to learn better. In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in their own language at least at first often do better in the long run than a child who is "fully immersed" in English. In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12. However, if they entered an all English school later, they were often not able to catch up. However, that only works if the child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and one that is very important for your country to consider. I wish you great success in your paper.

  • roami 7 months ago

    pls, i need u to look into this position topic for me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in schools

  • Virginia Kearney 9 months agofrom United States

    Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays. In a "devil's advocate" paper, you want to go against what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents. Why we should leave ISIS alone. Why race is less a problem in America than Europe. Why the leader of North Korea isn't really crazy.

  • Sam 9 months ago

    Hello,

    I have this assignment of playing the role of devil's advocate and I can't think of a good topic!

    help!

    ( I personally prefer a political related topic).

  • Virginia Kearney 12 months agofrom United States

    Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to be concerned. Thanks for your comment and idea.

  • Aidyn Krikorian 12 months ago

    I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic. "Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in schools?" This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to use for a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn.

  • Virginia Kearney 12 months agofrom United States

    Rose--You did not mention what aspect of culture you are writing about which makes it hard to help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to it. Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of music.

  • rose lasu 12 months ago

    I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on culture. I dont now how to start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks

  • Preston Heard 14 months ago

    These are great topics for the upcoming research essays. I will definitely be using one of them. Thank you for this resource!

  • Aaron Gibson 14 months ago

    Excited for your class this semester!

  • Matt Hartman 14 months ago

    This article along with many of the other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class!

  • Virginia Kearney 16 months agofrom United States

    Look for my articles about how to write argument or position essays for lots of ideas on how to introduce essays and find sources. Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to start your introduction is to tell a story about a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about their own culture during a multiculturalism unit.

  • jenn 16 months ago

    I am doing an Apa essay on "should schools be required to teach multiculturalism" any idea on how I should start my intro and what sources I should use?

  • Virginia Kearney 17 months agofrom United States

    Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to write different sorts of essays. You can use the search engine on HubPages to find them, or look at the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles. Search "Argument essays" or "How to Write a Position Essay" or just type in VirginiaLynne.

    To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face.

  • bebe 17 months ago

    Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to start . My topic is cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to face . It is from yours sample :) thank you

  • B-RAD 24 months ago

    I think that is video gaming good or bad is a great topic to choose.

  • Virginia Kearney 2 years agofrom United States

    Yes Alsaifl, I think that "What is beauty?" could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim.

  • Jumanah Alsaif 2 years ago

    Is the topics What is true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the definition of beauty is different for each individual

  • Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago

    Thank you so much for posting! This helps a lot with my writing!

  • Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago

    Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much !

  • Kristen Howe 2 years agofrom Northeast Ohio

    Great topics for a variety of essays for everyone who needs to be inspired. Voted up for useful!

  • Joanna 3 years ago

    That Tom Hanks video is hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and inspiring!

  • Virginia Kearney 3 years agofrom United States

    Cindy A. So glad I was able to give you some good information!

  • Cindy A. 3 years ago

    Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much

  • Bluerider 3 years ago

    Thank you for these great topics.

  • VJG 3 years agofrom Texas

    This would be an interesting article for school students. They always seem to struggle for essay ideas.

  • Virginia Kearney 3 years agofrom United States

    Hi Safa--Here are the main steps:

    1. Choose a question you are going to write about. Then think about what your answer to the question is going to be.

    2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. That is your thesis (the answer to your question).

    3. Decide who you want to persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Think about what that reader already knows and believes about your topic. That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you?

    4. Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay.

    5. Think of examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons. That is what you will use to support those three reasons.

    6. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and also your answers to those objections. This will be a paragraph after your reasons.

    7. For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you.

    I've written more in detail about this in my article: https://owlcation.com/academia/How-to-Write-an-Arg...

  • Virginia Kearney 4 years agofrom United States

    Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily.

  • Virginia Kearney 4 years agofrom United States

    Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is a very good topic. You can also narrow that to particular types of vaccinations that are new like the chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Another possible argument on this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for better health in people today than in the past.

  • samarah15 4 years ago

    Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic?

  • Virginia Kearney 4 years agofrom United States

    I think you can do something related to obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for your health. Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce.

  • Virginia Kearney 5 years agofrom United States

    Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to look at all sides of things and that is great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of view!

  • Jim Higgins 5 years agofrom Eugene, Oregon

    A great "how to" for position papers. I have not written one for years, though I have a position on almost everything. Useful Hub and well done as usual.

  • WRITINGA POSITION PAPER

    The following material explains how to produce a position paper (sometimes calleda point of view paper). A template is provided that outlines the major parts ofa good position paper.  Keep inmind, however, that this is just a guide. Talk to your TAs about theirindividual expectations. Your TAs may want you to include some criteria that donot appear in this outline. Make sure you check with them.

    Like a debate, a position paper presents one side of an arguable opinionabout an issue. The goal of a position paper is to convince the audience thatyour opinion is valid and defensible. Ideas that you are considering need to becarefully examined in choosing a topic, developing your argument, andorganizing your paper. It is very important to ensure that you are addressingall sides of the issue and presenting it in a manner that is easy for youraudience to understand. Your job is to take one side of the argument andpersuade your audience that you have well-founded knowledge of the topic beingpresented. It is important to support your argument with evidence to ensure thevalidity of your claims, as well as to refute the counterclaims to show thatyou are well informed about both sides.


    Issue Criteria

    To take a side on a subject, you should first establish the arguability of atopic that interests you. Ask yourself the following questions to ensure thatyou will be able to present a strong argument:

    •  Is it a real issue, with genuine controversy and uncertainty?
    •  Can you identify at least two distinctive positions?
    •  Are you personally interested in advocating one of these positions?
    •  Is the scope of the issue narrow enough to be manageable?

    In the CMNS 130 courseware thearticle by Fleras begins to set out a range of issues you may choose toaddress. Your tutorial leader will also have a set of suggested paper topics.The suggested paper topics will also be available on the CMNS 130 website.

     

    Analyzing an Issue and Developing anArgument

    Once your topic is selected, you should do some research on the subjectmatter. While you may already have an opinion on your topic and an idea aboutwhich side of the argument you want to take, you need to ensure that yourposition is well supported. Listing thepro and con sides of the topic will help you examine your ability to supportyour counterclaims, along with a list of supporting evidence for both sides.Supporting evidence includes the following:

     

    Type of Information

    Type of Source 

     How to find these sources

    introductory information and overviews

    directories, encyclopedias, handbooks

    Use the Library catalogue

    in-depth studies

    books, government reports

    Library catalogue, Canadian Research Index, Government web sites

    scholarly articles

    academic journals 

    Article indexes

    current issues

    newspapers, magazines 

    Article indexes

    statistics

    government agencies and associations

    Statistics Canada, Canadian Research Index, journal articles

    position papers and analyses

    association and institute reports

    Library catalogue, web sites

    Many of these sources can be locatedonline through the library catalogue and electronic databases, or on the Web.You may be able to retrieve the actual information electronically or you mayhave to visit a library to find the information in print. The librarian’spresentation on October 10th after your mid-term exam will assist inyour orientation of the SFU library.

    ** You do not have to useall of the above supporting evidence in your papers. This is simply a list ofthe various options available to you. Consult your separate assignment sheet toclarify the number and type of sources expected.

     

    Considering your audience and determining your viewpoint

    Once you have made your pro and con lists, compare the information side byside. Considering your audience, as well as your own viewpoint, choose theposition you will take.

    Considering your audience does not mean playing up to the professoror the TA. To convince a particular person that your own views are sound, youhave to consider his or her way of thinking. If you are writing a paper for asociology professor/TA obviously your analysis would be different from what itwould be if you were writing for an economics, history, or communicationsprofessor/TA. You will have to make specific decisions about the terms youshould explain, the background information you should supply, and the detailsyou need to convince that particular reader.

    In determining your viewpoint, ask yourself the following:

    • Is your topic interesting? Remember that originality counts. Be aware that your professor/TA will probably read a number of essays on the same topic(s), so any paper that is inventive and original will not only stand out but will also be appreciated.
    • Can you manage the material within the specifications set by the instructor?
    • Does your topic assert something specific, prove it, and where applicable, propose a plan of action?
    • Do you have enough material or proof to support your opinion?


    Organization 

    Sample Outline

    I. Introduction
    ___A. Introduce the topic
    ___B. Provide background on the topic to explain why it is important
    ___C. Assert the thesis (your view of the issue). More on thesis statements canbe found below.

    Your introduction has a dual purpose: to indicate both the topic and yourapproach to it (your thesis statement), and to arouse your reader’s interest inwhat you have to say. One effective way of introducing a topic is to place itin context – to supply a kind of backdrop that will put it in perspective. Youshould discuss the area into which your topic fits, and then gradually leadinto your specific field of discussion (re: your thesis statement).

    II. Counter Argument
    ___A. Summarize the counterclaims
    ___B. Provide supporting information for counterclaims
    ___C. Refute the counterclaims
    ___D. Give evidence for argument

    You can generate counterarguments by asking yourself what someone whodisagrees with you might say about each of the points you've made or about yourposition as a whole. Once you have thought up some counterarguments, considerhow you will respond to them--will you concede that your opponent has a pointbut explain why your audience should nonetheless accept your argument? Will youreject the counterargument and explain why it is mistaken? Either way, you willwant to leave your reader with a sense that your argument is stronger thanopposing arguments.

    When you are summarizing opposing arguments, be charitable. Present eachargument fairly and objectively, rather than trying to make it look foolish.You want to show that you have seriously considered the many sides of theissue, and that you are not simply attacking or mocking your opponents.

    It is usually better to consider one or two serious counterarguments in somedepth, rather than to give a long but superficial list of many different counterargumentsand replies.

    Be sure that your reply is consistent with your original argument. Ifconsidering a counterargument changes your position, you will need to go backand revise your original argument accordingly.

    For more on counterarguments visit: http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/argument.html

    III. Your Argument
    ___A. Assert point #1 of your claims
    _____1. Give your educated and informed opinion
    _____2. Provide support/proof using more than one source (preferably three)
    ___B. Assert point #2 of your claims
    _____1. Give your educated and informed opinion
    _____2. Provide support/proof using more than one source (preferably three)
    ___C. Assert point #3 of your claims
    _____1. Give your educated and informed opinion
    _____2. Provide support/proof using more than one source (preferably three)

    You may have more than 3 overall points to your argument, but you shouldnot have fewer.

    IV. Conclusion
    ___A. Restate your argument
    ___B. Provide a plan of action but do not introduce new information

    The simplest and most basic conclusion is one that restates the thesis indifferent words and then discusses itsimplications.

     

    Stating Your Thesis

    A thesis is a one-sentencestatement about your topic. It's an assertion about your topic, something youclaim to be true. Notice that a topic alone makes no such claim; it merelydefines an area to be covered. Tomake your topic into a thesis statement, you need to make a claimabout it, make it into a sentence. Look back over your materials--brainstorms,investigative notes, etc.--and think about what you believe to be true. Thinkabout what your readers want or need to know. Then write a sentence, preferablyat this point, a simple one, stating what will be the central idea of yourpaper. The result should look something like this:

    OriginalSubject: an important issue inmy major field 

    FocusedTopic:media technologyeducation for communication majors

    Thesis:Theories of media technology deserve a more prominent place in thisUniversity’s Communication program

    Or if your investigations led you to a different belief:

    Thesis: Communication majors at this University receive asolid background in theories of media technology

    It's always good to have a thesis you can believe in.

    Notice, though, that a sentence stating an obvious and indisputable truthwon't work as a thesis:

    Thesis: This University has a Communication major.

    That's a complete sentence, and it asserts something to be true, but as athesis it's a dead end. It's a statement of fact, pure and simple, and requireslittle or nothing added. A good thesisasks to have more said about it. It demands some proof. Yourjob is to show your reader that your thesis is true.

    Remember, you can't just pluck a thesis out of thin air. Even if you haveremarkable insight concerning a topic, it won't be worth much unless you canlogically and persuasively support it in the body of your essay. A thesis isthe evolutionary result of a thinking process, not a miraculous creation.Formulating a thesis is not the first thing you do after reading the essayassignment. Deciding on a thesis does not come first. Before you can come up with an argument on anytopic, you have to collect and organize evidence, look for possiblerelationships between known facts (such as surprising contrasts orsimilarities), and think about the beneath-the-surface significance of theserelationships. After this initial exploration of the question at hand, you canformulate a "working thesis," an argument that you think will makesense of the evidence but that may need adjustment along the way. Inother words, do not show up at your TAs office hours expecting them to help youfigure out your thesis statement and/or help organize your paper unless youhave already done some research.

    For more information regarding thesis statements visit: http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/thesis.html

     

    Writing with style and clarity

    Many students make the mistake of thinking that the content of their paperis all that matters. Although the content is important, it will not mean muchif the reader can’t understand what you are trying to say. You may have somegreat ideas in your paper but if you cannot effectively communicate them, youwill not receive a very good mark. Keep the following in mind when writing yourpaper:

    Diction

    Diction refers to the choice of words for the expression of ideas; theconstruction, disposition, and application of words in your essay, with regardto clearness, accuracy, variety, etc.; mode of expression; and language. Thereis often a tendency for students to use fancy words and extravagant images inhopes that it will make them sound more intelligent when in fact the result isa confusing mess. Although this approach can sometimes be effective, it isadvisable that you choose clear words and be as precise in the expression ofyour ideas as possible.

     

    Paragraphs

    Creating clear paragraphs is essential. Paragraphs come in so many sizes andpatterns that no single formula could possibly cover them all. The two basicprinciples to remember are these:

    1)  A paragraph is a means of developing and framing an idea orimpression. As a general rule, you should address only one major idea perparagraph.

    2)  The divisions between paragraphs aren’t random, but indicate ashift in focus. In other words you must carefully and clearly organize theorder of your paragraphs so that they are logically positioned throughout yourpaper. Transitions will help you with this.

    For further information on paragraph development visit: http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/paragraphs.html

     

    Transitions

    In academic writing your goal is to convey information clearly andconcisely, if not to convert the reader to your way of thinking. Transitionshelp you to achieve these goals by establishing logical connections betweensentences, paragraphs, and sections of your papers. In other words, transitionstell readers what to do with the information you present them. Whether singlewords, quick phrases or full sentences, they function as signs for readers thattell them how to think about, organize, and react to old and new ideas as theyread through what you have written.

    Transitions signal relationships between ideas. Basically, transitionsprovide the reader with directions for how to piece together your ideas into alogically coherent argument. They are words with particular meanings that tellthe reader to think and react in a particular way to your ideas. In providingthe reader with these important cues, transitions help readers understand thelogic of how your ideas fit together.

    LOGICAL RELATIONSHIP

    TRANSITIONAL EXPRESSION

    Similarity

    also, in the same way, just as ... so too, likewise, similarly

    Exception/Contrast

    but, however, in spite of, on the one hand ... on the other hand, nevertheless, nonetheless, notwithstanding, in contrast, on the contrary, still, yet

    Sequence/Order

    first, second, third, ... next, then, finally

    Time

    after, afterward, at last, before, currently, during, earlier, immediately, later, meanwhile, now, recently, simultaneously, subsequently, then

    Example

    for example, for instance, namely, specifically, to illustrate

    Emphasis

    even, indeed, in fact, of course, truly

    Place/Position

    above, adjacent, below, beyond, here, in front, in back, nearby, there

    Cause and Effect

    accordingly, consequently, hence, so, therefore, thus

    Additional Support or Evidence

    additionally, again, also, and, as well, besides, equally important, further, furthermore, in addition, moreover, then

    Conclusion/Summary

    finally, in a word, in brief, in conclusion, in the end, in the final analysis, on the whole, thus, to conclude, to summarize, in sum, in summary 

    For more information on transitions visit: http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/transitions.html

     

    Grammar and Spelling

    You must make certain that your paper is free from grammar and spellingmistakes. Mechanical errors are usually the main reason for lack of clarity inessays, so be sure to thoroughly proof read your paper before handing it in. Forhelp with common errors in grammar and usage consult the following websites:

    http://www.sfu.ca/~gmccarro/Grammar/Grammar.htmlhttp://ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/index2.htmhttp://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/

     

    Plagiarism and academic honesty

    Plagiarism is a form of stealing; as with other offences against the law, ignoranceis no excuse. The way to avoid plagiarismis to give credit where credit is due. If you are using someone else’s idea,acknowledge it, even if you have changed the wording or just summarized themain points.

    To avoid plagiarism, you must give credit whenever you use

    • another person's idea, opinion, or theory;
    • any facts, statistics, graphs, drawings--any pieces of information--that are not common knowledge;
    • quotations of another person's actual spoken or written words; or
    • paraphrase of another person's spoken or written words.

    In addition to plagiarism,SFU has policies regarding other forms of academic dishonesty. For moreinformation on SFU’s policies regarding academic honesty consult yourundergraduate calendar or http://www.sfu.ca/policies/teaching/t10-02.htm.If any of the University’s policies are not clear you must ask your professoror TA for clarification. Again, ignorance is no excuse.

     

     

    SOURCES

    The information included in the document “Writing a Position Paper” wasadapted from the following sources:

    Guilford, C.(2001). Occasions forArgumentative Essays. Writing Argumentative Essays. Retrieved August 26, 2002 from the World Wide Web:http://www.powa.org/argufrms.htmPreviously adapted from: Hairston, M. (1982) A Contemporary Rhetoric(3rd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

    Northey, M. (1993). Making Sense: a student’s guide to research, writing,and style (3rd ed.). Toronto: Oxford University Press.

    UHWO Writing Center (1998) Writing a Position Paper. Retrieved August 26,2002 from the World Wide Web: http://homepages.uhwo.hawaii.edu/~writing/position.htm

    UNC-CH Writing Center(2000). ConstructingThesis Statements. Writing Center Handouts. Retrieved August 26, 2002 from theWorld Wide Web:http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/thesis.html

    UNC-CH Writing Center(2000). EffectiveAcademic Writing: The Argument. Writing Center Handouts. Retrieved August 26,2002 from the World Wide Web: http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/argument.html

    UNC-CH Writing Center(2000).  Paragraph Development. Writing CenterHandouts.Retrieved August 26, 2002 from the World Wide Web:http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/thesis.html

    UNC-CH Writing Center(2000).  Transitions. Writing Center Handouts. Retrieved August 26,2002 from the World Wide Web:http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/thesis.html

     

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